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South Korea Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions

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South Korea, or the Republic of Korea, is the world's tenth largest emitter of CO2 based on 2008 fossil-fuel consumption and cement production with 139 million metric tons of carbon. From 1946-1997 South Korea experienced phenomenal growth in fossil-fuel CO2 emissions with a growth rate that averaged 11.5%. Initial growth in emissions was due to coal consumption, which still accounts for 46.9% of South Korea's fossil-fuel CO2 emissions. Since the late 1960s oil consumption has been a major source of emissions. South Korea is the world's fifth largest importer of crude oil. Natural gas became a significant source of CO2 for the first time in 1987, as South Korea increased imports of liquid natural gas. From 1997-98, South Korea's emissions fell 14% due mostly to declines in crude oil imports and reduced production of secondary petroleum fuels. Since 1998, fossil-fuel emissions have risen 39.9% reaching an all-time high of 139 million metric tons of carbon in 2008. Emissions from cement production are appreciable and now account for 5.3% of total emissions.

CITE AS: Boden, T.A., G. Marland, and R.J. Andres. 2011. Global, Regional, and National Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tenn., U.S.A. doi 10.3334/CDIAC/00001_V2011