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CO2 Emissions from Caribbean Islands
The region "Central and South America," as represented here, constitutes nearly 50 political entities, including Greenland, Bermuda, and the island nations of the Caribbean, in addition to all of Central and South America. Only two countries (Mexico and Brazil) from this region appear in the inventory of the top 20 highest fossil-fuel CO2- emitting countries. Mexico and Brazil account for 50% of the 1996 regional total of 337 million metric tons of carbon but neither of these countries emits more than 100 million metric tons of carbon. Other countries emitting >10 million metric tons of carbon per year are Venezuela (39.9), Argentina (35.4), Colombia (17.8), and Chile (13.3). This is a region of great diversity, but the collective trend is of growth in CO2 emissions until at least 1974. Liquid fuels account for 68% of the 1996 regional emissions, and the post-1974 trend continues upward but is clearly affected by global oil markets. Coal burning is a notably small contributor in this region, accounting for only 7.6% of CO2 emissions; most occurs in Brazil, Mexico, and Colombia. Per capita emissions of CO2 doubled between 1950 and 1973 but have been virtually constant since then. Per capita emissions are high in many of the Caribbean islands, often >2.0 metric tons of carbon per person per year. Most of the larger mainland nations have lower per capita rates of fossil-fuel CO2 emission: Mexico (1.0 metric tons of carbon per person per year), Argentina (1.0), Chile (0.9), and Brazil (0.5).
CITE AS: Marland, G., T.A. Boden, and R.J. Andres. 2007. Global, Regional, and National CO2 Emissions. In Trends: A Compendium of Data on Global Change. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tenn., U.S.A.