V. N. Razuvaev, E. B. Apasova, and R. A. Martuganov, All-Russian Research Institute of Hydrometeorological Information-World Data Centre, Obninsk, Russia
Prepared by: Dale Kaiser, CDIAC
This database, an update to the data released in 1995, contains 6- and 3-hourly meteorological observations from a 223-station network of the former Soviet Union. These data have been made available through cooperation between the two principal climate data centers of the United States and the former Soviet Union: the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), in Asheville, North Carolina, and the All-Russian Research Institute of Hydrometeorological Information-World Data Centre (RIHMI-WDC) in Obninsk, Russia. The first version of this database extended through the mid-1980s (with the ending year dependent upon the station), and this update includes data through 1990. Station records consist of 6- and 3-hourly observations of some 24 meteorological variables including temperature, past and present weather type, precipitation amount, cloud amount and type, sea-level pressure, relative humidity, and wind direction and speed. The 6- hourly observations extend from 1936 through 1965; the 3-hourly observations extend from 1966 through 1990.
The observations provided in this database represent a wealth of meteorological information for a large and climatologically important portion of the earth's land area and should prove extremely useful for a wide variety of regional climate change studies.