Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center and
World Data Center-A for Atmospheric Trace Gases

Robert M. Cushman, Thomas A. Boden, Sonja B. Jones, Dale P. Kaiser, and Tommy R. Nelson
Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center

Compiled by Marvel D. Burtis

Environmental Sciences Division
Publication No. 4736

Date Published: March 1998

Prepared for the
Environmental Sciences Division
Office of Biological and Environmental Research
U.S. Department of Energy
Budget Activity Number KP 12 04 01 0

Prepared by the
Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center
Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6335
managed by
for the
under contract DE-AC05-96OR22464



FY 1997 in Review

CDIAC Presentations and Awards

Selected CDIAC Citations


What's Coming in FY 1998
CDIAC Collaborations

Organization and Staff

Acronyms and Other Abbreviations


Fiscal year (FY) 1997 was another exciting and productive one for the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. As you will see in the "FY 1997 in Review" section in this report, we published quite a few new and updated data and information products; I hope you find them useful. And, as you will see in the "What's Coming in FY 1998" section, we hope to do the same in this new fiscal year.

During FY 1997, CDIAC launched the Quality Systems Science Center (QSSC) for the North American Research Strategy for Tropospheric Ozone (NARSTO). The purpose of NARSTO--a United States-Canada-Mexico initiative of government agencies, industry, and the academic research community--is to improve our understanding of the formation and transport of tropospheric ozone, a serious air pollutant. QSSC provides the communications, critical oversight, and constructive assistance necessary for maintaining consistency and quality in all NARSTO products. I invite you to check out the QSSC home page (http://cdiac.ess-dive.lbl.gov/programs/NARSTO/narsto.html); it provides access to the Quality Systems Management Plan (QSMP), which establishes NARSTO's quality assurance and data management requirements, standards, specifications, and guidelines. To staff QSSC, we welcomed aboard environmental chemist Les Hook and atmospheric scientist Meng-Dawn Cheng. Les is the QSSC director and is also responsible for NARSTO quality assurance coordination, and Meng-Dawn serves as the QSSC chief scientist; Tom Boden is responsible for data management coordination.

Tom Boden will also continue in his role as director of CDIAC's World Data Center-A for Atmospheric Trace Gases. But to allow him to focus on his ongoing World Data Center and data packaging work as well as his new QSSC tasks, Tom is succeeded as CDIAC's deputy director by Dale Kaiser (who continues as leader of CDIAC's Global Change Data group).

I invite you to see what we have done this past year, and what our plans are for FY 1998.

Robert M. Cushman

FY 1997 in Review

New Numeric Data Packages (NDPs)

During fiscal year (FY) 1997, the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) published six numeric data packages (NDPs) under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The data and descriptive files are available via the Internet from CDIAC's anonymous file transfer protocol (FTP) area (cdiac.esd.ornl.gov) and from CDIAC's World Wide Web site (http://cdiac.ess-dive.lbl.gov). Printed reports and data on magnetic media are available from CDIAC on request.

New Databases (DBs)

During FY 1997, CDIAC published two databases. The data and descriptive files are available via CDIAC's anonymous FTP area (cdiac.esd.ornl.gov) and from CDIAC's Web site (http://cdiac.ess-dive.lbl.gov), as well as on a variety of magnetic media.

Updated NDPs and DBs


New Additions to Online Publications

New Focus Areas

CDIAC Presentations and Awards


Boden, T. A. 1997. The Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center: Supporting the science and data needs of NARSTO. First NARSTO Ad Hoc Committee on Quality Systems and Data Management Meeting with the ORNL Quality Systems Science Center (QSSC). Oak Ridge, Tenn., February.

Boden, T. A. 1997. Magnitude and distribution of CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel burning, cement production, and gas flaring: 1950-1994. Conference on Global Measurements of Atmospheric Chemistry. Toronto, May.

Boden, T. A. 1997. Data and information Activities by the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) in support of the CO2 Experts Group. 9th WMO CO2 and Isotopic Measurement Experts Meeting. Aspendale, Australia, August.

Boden, T. A., and R. M. Cushman. 1997. Restrictions on data distribution. Data Center Directors Meeting. Oak Ridge, Tenn., May.

Cushman, R. M. 1996. Global change data at ORNL: It's not just CO2 anymore. A Forum for Integrating Multidisciplinary Research to Advance the Science of Global Change. Oak Ridge, Tenn., October.

Cushman, R. M. 1996. The role of CDIAC in data management for FACE. FACE Science Meeting. Durham, N.C., November.

Kaiser, D. P. 1997. Analysis of monthly mean cloud amount for China: 1951-1994. Third Meeting of the U.S. DOE-China Meteorological Administration Agreement on the Joint Study of Regional Climate, and at the Ninth Science Team Meeting of the U.S. DOE-Chinese Academy of Sciences Joint Study on the Greenhouse Effect. Seattle, Wash., September.

Kaiser, D. P., and R. S. Vose. 1997. Changes in monthly mean cloud amount over China: A closer look. Proceedings of the Eighth Symposium on Global Change Studies. Long Beach, Calif., February.

Kozyr, A. 1997. CDIAC's inventory of pCO2 data. Seventh Session of the IOC-JGOFS CO2 Advisory Panel. Warnemunde, Germany, June.

Kozyr, A. 1997. Status of the CO2 and hydrographic data at CDIAC. 14th DOE CO2 Survey Science Team Meeting. Durham, N.H., August.

Marland, G. 1997. CO2 from fossil fuel burning: Updates on the magnitude, distribution, and uncertainty of emissions estimates. Fifth International Carbon Dioxide Conference. Cairns, Australia, August.


East Tennessee Chapter of the Society for Technical Communications (STC) 1996 Competition. Conferred in February 1997.

Atlanta Chapter of the Society for Technical Communications 1996 Online Competition. Conferred in March 1997.

Additional Awards

Selected CDIAC Citations

Data from CDIAC publications were cited in a number of journal articles, magazine articles, and newsletters. The following publications are representative of works that have been cited.


FY 1997

FY 1997 World Wide Web Visits by User Type

Requests to CDIAC nearly double in FY 1997!

CDIAC's Most Requested World Wide Web Documents

What's Coming in FY 1998

CDIAC is working on the following new or updated NDPs and hopes to have them available (both in printed format and online) in FY 1998. Several have already been completed and are available as noted.

New NDPs

Updated NDPs

New Databases

CDIAC hopes to publish the following databases in the DB series online during FY 1998.

Trends Online

Although CDIAC will not print a hard-copy version of Trends during FY 1998, we do plan to update and expand the Trends Online Atmospheric CO2 and Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions sections and publish the Trends Online Temperature section. The following summarizes the FY 1998 activities planned for each of these sections:

Atmospheric CO2 levels. During FY 1998 we hope to add (A) or update (U) the following records:

Fossil-fuel CO2 emissions. This section was redesigned during FY 1997, and we hope to add the following records during FY 1998:
Temperature. During FY 1998 we hope to mark up the Trends Online Temperature section and offer the following records:

We also plan to have two new issues of our newsletter, CDIAC Communications, available during FY 1998. Look for these online (http://cdiac.ess-dive.lbl.gov/newsletr/ccindex.html); if you let us know, we will be glad to notify you via e-mail when a new issue is online. Printed copies of CDIAC Communications are available on request. Remember to check the "new" page on our Web site (http://cdiac.ess-dive.lbl.gov/new/new.html) for announcements of the latest CDIAC products.

CDIAC Collaborations

CDIAC realizes that it would not be possible to produce global-change data and information products without the generosity and cooperation of researchers at institutions throughout the United States and around the world. In this annual report, we have noted the collaborating individuals and institutions for each product. Below are listed the many institutions that have collaborated with CDIAC in the publication of the databases and other information products described in this report.

Organization and Staff

Acronyms and Other Abbreviations

AGAGE Advanced Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment
ALE Atmospheric Lifetime Experiment
AmeriFlux American CO2 Flux Network
CDIAC Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center
CFC chlorofluorocarbon
DB database
DOE U.S. Department of Energy
FACE Free-Air CO2 Exposure
FTP File Transfer Protocol
FY fiscal year
GAGE Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment
HCN Historical Climatology Network
NARSTO North American Research Strategy for Tropospheric Ozone
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NCDC National Climatic Data Center
NDP numeric data package
OBER Office of Biological and Environmental Research (DOE)
ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory
pCO2 partial pressure carbon dioxide
QSSC Quality Systems Science Center
QSMP Quality Systems Management Plan
RANDAB Radionuclide Database
STC Society for Technical Communications
TCO2 total carbon dioxide
TRACDAB Trace Gas Database
WDC-A World Data Center-A
WHOI Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
WOCE World Ocean Circulation Experiment

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