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India Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions

Graph graphic Graphics   Data graphic Data


India's 2008 total fossil-fuel CO2 emissions rose 8.1% over the 2007 level to 475 million metric tons of carbon. From 1950 to 2008, India experienced dramatic growth in fossil-fuel CO2 emissions averaging 5.7% per year and becoming the world's third largest fossil-fuel CO2-emitting country. Indian total emissions from fossil-fuel consumption and cement production have more than doubled since 1994. Fossil-fuel emissions in India continue to result largely from coal burning with India being the world's third largest producer of coal. Coal contributed 87% of the emissions in 1950 and 71% in 2008; at the same time, the oil fraction increased from 11% to 20%. Indian emissions data reveal little impact from the oil price increases that affected emissions in the United States and western Europe so dramatically in the late 1970s and early 1980s. With the world's second largest population and over 1.1 billion people, India's per capita emission rate for 2008 of 0.40 metric tons of carbon is well below the global average (1.30) and the smallest per capita rate of any country with fossil-fuel CO2 emissions exceeding 50 million metric tons of carbon.

CITE AS: Boden, T.A., G. Marland, and R.J. Andres. 2011. Global, Regional, and National Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tenn., U.S.A. doi 10.3334/CDIAC/00001_V2011